Delayed_job not executing the perform method but emptying the job queue


Solution 1

By default, delayed_job destroys failed jobs:

So the first step is to configure an initializer and deactivate that behaviour

Delayed::Worker.destroy_failed_jobs = false  

Also, if you get a deserialization failure, then that is an instant job failure.

This triggers job deletion (if you haven't deleted it).

So try adding the following around line 120 of the worker.rb

rescue DeserializationError => error
  say "DeserializationError: #{error.message}"
  job.last_error = "{#{error.message}\n#{error.backtrace.join('\n')}"

It's fairly unhelpful, but at least you'll know it's a deserialization error then.

I ended up just using the job w. perform() method construct. Much more reliable. Also remember to put your job definition as a separate file so the class loader can find it when it is running (rather than just inlining the class definition into your model somewhere).

Solution 2

Ben W is absolutely right, Make sure you have a file under


This defines how the worker should behave. The worker is going to quietly just remove errors otherwise.

Once you do this, you should be able to find out more about your error. For my example, I was using delayed_job_mongoid, so this added an entry of "last_error" (which I think you should have in your mysql table for delayed_job regardless..)

And as Ben W concluded, you need to make sure the object you're creating is known to the application (or to the worker for that matter). My problem was I was in Rails Console testing out a class object. The worker didn't know of this class, so it barfed.

In my application.rb file:

module TextSender
  class Application < Rails::Application
    require "#{Rails.root.to_s}/lib/SendTextJob.rb"

and my lib file:

class SendTextJob <, :number)
  def perform "Sending #{text} to #{number}"
    puts "Successfully sent text"

Then running

Delayed::Job.enqueue"Work on this text NOW, please?", "5551231234")

Was confirmed in my log/development.log file that this was successful. I also tested creating and object (a user object or whatever model you may have) in this perform method, and it worked.

Solution 3

I had this problem, and I found that it was because in Rails 3 files in the lib/ directory aren't autoloaded. To diagnose, I added:

# application.rb
Delayed::Worker.destroy_failed_jobs = false

as mentioned by Ben W. This told me what was going on, as I could inspect the last_error.

So to solve the autoloading problem, I found a couple answers on SO, but the gist is adding this:

# application.rb

# Custom directories with classes and modules you want to be autoloadable.
# config.autoload_paths += %W(#{config.root}/extras)
config.autoload_paths += %W(#{config.root}/lib)
config.autoload_paths += Dir["#{config.root}/lib/**/"]

Which was kindly provided by

I'd be interested to see how you could solve this without turning on autoloading for the lib directory. Any thoughts?


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Updated on May 13, 2022


  • James
    James 15 days

    I have a fresh rails 3 app, here's my Gemfile:

    source ''
    gem 'rails', '3.0.0' gem 'delayed_job'
    gem 'sqlite3-ruby', :require => 'sqlite3'

    Here's the class that represents the job that I want to queue:

    class Me <
       def perform
         puts "Hello from me" "Hello from me"
         logger.debug "Hello from me"

    From the console with no workers running:

    irb(main):002:0> Delayed::Job.enqueue
    => #<Delayed::Backend::ActiveRecord::Job id: 7, priority: 0, attempts: 0, handler: "--- !ruby/struct:Me \nsomething: 1\n", last_error: nil, run_at: "2010-12-29 07:24:11", locked_at: nil, failed_at: nil, locked_by: nil, created_at: "2010-12-29 07:24:11", updated_at: "2010-12-29 07:24:11">

    Like I mentioned: there are no workers running:

    irb(main):003:0> Delayed::Job.all
    => [#<Delayed::Backend::ActiveRecord::Job id: 7, priority: 0, attempts: 0, handler: "--- !ruby/struct:Me \nsomething: 1\n", last_error: nil, run_at: "2010-12-29 07:24:11", locked_at: nil, failed_at: nil, locked_by: nil, created_at: "2010-12-29 07:24:11", updated_at: "2010-12-29 07:24:11">]

    I start a worker with script/delayed_job run

    The queue gets emptied:

    irb(main):006:0> Delayed::Job.all
    => []

    However, nothing happens as a result of the puts, nothing is logged from the logger calls, and no exception is raised. I'd appreciate any help / insight or anything to try.