How to run apt update and upgrade via Ansible shell

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Solution 1

I wouldn't recommend using shell for this, as Ansible has the apt module designed for just this purpose. I've detailed using apt below.

In a playbook, you can update and upgrade like so:

- name: Update and upgrade apt packages
  become: true
  apt:
    upgrade: yes
    update_cache: yes
    cache_valid_time: 86400 #One day

The cache_valid_time value can be omitted. Its purpose from the docs:

Update the apt cache if its older than the cache_valid_time. This option is set in seconds.

So it's good to include if you don't want to update the cache when it has only recently been updated.

To do this as an ad-hoc command you can run:

$ ansible all -m apt -a "upgrade=yes update_cache=yes cache_valid_time=86400" --become

ad-hoc commands are described in detail here

Note that I am using --become and become: true. This is an example of typical privilege escalation through Ansible. You use -u user and -K (ask for privilege escalation password). Use whichever works for you, this is just to show you the most common form.

Solution 2

Just to add a flavor on the answer. This one is an executable playbook in all the hosts specified in your inventory file.

- hosts: all
  become: yes
  tasks:
  - name: Update and upgrade apt packages
    apt:
      upgrade: yes
      update_cache: yes
      cache_valid_time: 86400 

Solution 3

Using Ubuntu 16.04, I did a little adjustement:

- name: Update and upgrade apt packages
  become: true
  apt:
    update_cache: yes
    upgrade: 'yes'

I juste put the upgrade yes between apostrophe to avoid un annoying warning:

[WARNING]: The value True (type bool) in a string field was converted to u'True' (type string). If this does
not look like what you expect, quote the entire value to ensure it does not change.

I would like just to comment into the original answer, but no permission, yet...

Ref: The value True (type bool) in a string field was converted to u'True' (type string)

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nadermx
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nadermx

Updated on May 15, 2022

Comments

  • nadermx
    nadermx 13 days

    I'm trying to use Ansible to run the following two commands:

    sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y

    I know with ansible you can use:

    ansible all -m shell -u user -K -a "uptime"

    Would running the following command do it? Or do I have to use some sort of raw command

    ansible all -m shell -u user -K -a "sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y"

    • tedder42
      tedder42 over 5 years
      Have you tried it? Why do you prefer this versus the built-in apt module?
    • nadermx
      nadermx over 5 years
      I'm new to ansible just trying to understand, I would preffer with the apt module but not sure that does upgrade as well?
    • Gert van den Berg
      Gert van den Berg 4 months
      the main way to get your version working is to add a -b to the ansible parameters and get rid of the sudos in the command.... (Ansible will do the sudo with the -b) (The apt module as in (at least some of) the answers is the better way though)
  • Markus
    Markus about 4 years
    thanks. for reference also works if behind corporate proxy with environment: http_proxy: "http://{{ proxy_user }}:{{ vault_proxy_password }}@{{ proxy_host }}:{{ proxy_port }}" https_proxy: "http://{{ proxy_user }}:{{ vault_proxy_password }}@{{ proxy_host }}:{{ proxy_port }}" no_proxy: "{{ proxy_no_proxy }}"
  • David Rachwalik
    David Rachwalik about 2 years
    What does this have to do with OP's question? It seems more like a tangent answer based on another answer. Also, warnings are not the same as errors.
  • marcio
    marcio about 2 years
    Did you read what I wrote? I would like just to comment into the original answer, but no permission in that time. And thanks, I changed "error" to "warning".
  • bfontaine
    bfontaine 8 months
    Now that you have sufficient rep you can maybe add a comment and remove your answer.