How can I make something that catches all 'unhandled' exceptions in a WinForms application?

64,751

Solution 1

Take a look at the example from the ThreadException documentation:

public static void Main(string[] args)
{
   // Add the event handler for handling UI thread exceptions to the event.
    Application.ThreadException += new     
  ThreadExceptionEventHandler(ErrorHandlerForm.Form1_UIThreadException);

  // Set the unhandled exception mode to force all Windows Forms errors
  // to go through our handler.
  Application.SetUnhandledExceptionMode(UnhandledExceptionMode.CatchException);

  // Add the event handler for handling non-UI thread exceptions to the event. 
  AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException += new       
  UnhandledExceptionEventHandler(CurrentDomain_UnhandledException);
}

You might also want to not catch exceptions when debugging, as this makes it easier to debug. It is somewhat of a hack, but for that you can wrap the above code around with

 if (!AppDomain.CurrentDomain.FriendlyName.EndsWith("vshost.exe")) { ... }

To prevent catching the exceptions when debugging.

EDIT: An alternate way to check for your application running inside a debugger that feels cleaner than checking a filename.

(see comments by moltenform, Kiquenet and Doug)

if(!System.Diagnostics.Debugger.IsAttached) { ... }

This avoids the problem of using a different debugger than vshost.exe.

Solution 2

In NET 4, certain exceptions are no longer caught by default; these tend to be exceptions that indicate a (possibly fatal) corrupted state of the executable, such as an AccessViolationException.

Try using the [HandleProcessCorruptedStateExceptions] tag in front of your main method, e.g.

using System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.HandleProcessCorruptedStateExceptions

[HandleProcessCorruptedStateExceptions]
public static int Main()
{
    try
    {
        // Catch any exceptions leaking out of the program
        CallMainProgramLoop();
    }
    catch (Exception e) // We could be catching anything here
    {
        System.Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
  } 

Solution 3

A nice example can be found at http://www.csharp-examples.net/catching-unhandled-exceptions/ Basically, change your main to:

static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.SetCompatibleTextRenderingDefault(false);

        Application.ThreadException += new ThreadExceptionEventHandler(Application_ThreadException);
        Application.SetUnhandledExceptionMode(UnhandledExceptionMode.CatchException);
        AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException += new UnhandledExceptionEventHandler(CurrentDomain_UnhandledException);

        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    static void Application_ThreadException(object sender, ThreadExceptionEventArgs e)
    {
        MessageBox.Show(e.Exception.Message, "Unhandled Thread Exception");
    }

    static void CurrentDomain_UnhandledException(object sender, UnhandledExceptionEventArgs e)
    {
        MessageBox.Show((e.ExceptionObject as Exception).Message, "Unhandled UI Exception");
    }

Solution 4

You can use NBug library for that. With minimal setup like this:

NBug.Settings.Destination1 = "Type=Mail;[email protected];[email protected];SmtpServer=smtp.mycompany.com;";
AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException += NBug.Handler.UnhandledException;
Application.ThreadException += NBug.Handler.ThreadException;

You can start collecting information on all unhandled bugs in your application, even when it's deployed to the clients. If you don't want to use a 3rd party library, you should attach to below events:

// These two should come before enabling visual styles or running the application
AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException += ...
Application.ThreadException += ...
...
Application.Run(new Form1());
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Isaac Bolinger
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Isaac Bolinger

I've got more questions than answers.

Updated on June 15, 2022

Comments

  • Isaac Bolinger
    Isaac Bolinger less than a minute

    Up until now, I just put a try/catch block around the Application.Run in the Program.cs entry point to the program. This catches all exceptions well enough in Debug mode, but when I run the program without the debug mode, exceptions don't get handled anymore. I get the unhandled exception box.

    I don't want this to happen. I want all exceptions to be caught when running in non-debug mode. The program has multiple threads and preferably all exceptions from them get caught by the same handler; I want to log exceptions in the DB. Does anyone have any advice in how to do this?