Static files won't load when out of debug in Django

16,471

Solution 1

Static files app is not serving static media automatically in DEBUG=False mode. From django.contrib.staticfiles.urls:

# Only append if urlpatterns are empty
if settings.DEBUG and not urlpatterns:
    urlpatterns += staticfiles_urlpatterns()

You can serve it by appending to your urlpatterns manually or use a server to serve static files (like it is supposed to when running Django projects in non-DEBUG mode).

Though one thing I am wondering is why you get a 500 status code response instead of 404. What is the exception in this case?

EDIT

So if you still want to serve static files via the staticfiles app add the following to your root url conf (urls.py):

if settings.DEBUG is False:   #if DEBUG is True it will be served automatically
    urlpatterns += patterns('',
            url(r'^static/(?P<path>.*)$', 'django.views.static.serve', {'document_root': settings.STATIC_ROOT}),
    )

Some things you need to keep in mind though:

  • don't use this on a production environment (its slower since static files rendering goes through Django instead served by your web server directly)
  • most likely you have to use management commands to collect static files into your STATIC_ROOT (manage.py collectstatic). See the staticfiles app docs for more information. This is simply necessary since you run on non-Debug mode.
  • don't forget from django.conf import settings in your urls.py :)

Solution 2

In Django 1.3, if you are just testing using the manage.py runserver, you can add the option "--insecure", as described in the staticfiles docs:

It seems to still send emails to the admin saying that there is no template, but it does serve static files.

I'm not sure if the email issue is on purpose or a bug

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Nachshon Schwartz
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Nachshon Schwartz

Fullstack Developer at Wix. Previously a web developer in the IDF, developing a Play Framework, Angular business process monitoring web application. Technion, Software Engineering** graduate from Israel. Programming languages: Javascript, Java, Ruby,C++ Python. DB: Neo4J, OracleDB, MongoDB Web Frameworks: Play Framework, Angular, Ruby on Rails, Django Some of my work: Cherrity - Cherrity is a website I created during my 4th year - Yearly Project with a team of 7 other Software Engineering students. It's a Dynamic website for organizing charity projects.@nayish

Updated on June 04, 2022

Comments

  • Nachshon Schwartz
    Nachshon Schwartz over 1 year

    I'm creating a Django project. I just tried taking the project out of debug, DEBUG = False and for some reason all my static files do not show up. They give an error code of 500. How do i fix this?

    some of settings.py:

    DEBUG = True
    TEMPLATE_DEBUG = DEBUG
    ...
    TEMPLATE_LOADERS = (
        'django.template.loaders.filesystem.Loader',
        'django.template.loaders.app_directories.Loader',
    #     'django.template.loaders.eggs.Loader',
    )
    
    MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = (
        'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware',
        'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware',
    #    'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware',
        'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware',
        'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware',
    )
    
    • Nachshon Schwartz
      Nachshon Schwartz over 12 years
      can you be more specific, what part? it's pretty long.
    • Timmy O'Mahony
      Timmy O'Mahony over 12 years
      are you serving static files via the django development server or your own webserver. If it's the dev server, where in your URLs are you taking care of the static files? You might find that once you turn off DEBUG, the URLs dealing with serving the static files are disabled
    • Nachshon Schwartz
      Nachshon Schwartz over 12 years
      I am not really sure where I take care of staticfiles, I am using the Django development server. I think that whats happening is what you wrote, the URL's ddealing with staticfiles are disabled upon turning DEBUG off, any idea what i should do?
    • Blairg23
      Blairg23 almost 6 years
      Here's an answer from the duplicate question: stackoverflow.com/a/5836728/1224827
    • Blairg23
      Blairg23 almost 6 years
    • Nachshon Schwartz
      Nachshon Schwartz almost 6 years
      @Blairg23 how can a question from 2011 be a duplicate of question from 2017. Should be the other way around...
    • Blairg23
      Blairg23 almost 6 years
      @Nayish , it says it was asked on April 2011 and yours was June 2011
  • Nachshon Schwartz
    Nachshon Schwartz over 12 years
    I'm not sure I understand, is this an answer or a question, where is the part where you say: this is what you should do...?
  • Torsten Engelbrecht
    Torsten Engelbrecht over 12 years
    "You can serve it by appending to your urlpatterns manually or use a server to serve static files (like it is supposed to when running Django projects in non-DEBUG mode)." was the answer? I am adding an example for you if needed, though its the same as serving static files before Django 1.3. And yes, the last one is a questions. So what exception is thrown when it comes to this 500 response? Just interested.
  • Nachshon Schwartz
    Nachshon Schwartz over 12 years
    Great, that did the trick, I just added that piece of code to my urls.py file and it works like a charm... thanks.
  • MrColes
    MrColes almost 11 years
    My guess about the 500 is that—since DEBUG is True—django is then trying to render a 404.html template, which raises TemplateDoesNotExist error, so it tries to then render a 500.html template, which also doesn't exist, and just raises a 500. You’d think django would deal with this situation better, but it doesn’t.
  • Torsten Engelbrecht
    Torsten Engelbrecht almost 11 years
    Not yet anyway. The coming Django version (1.5) is supposed to handle it better.
  • Caumons
    Caumons over 10 years
    I can confirm that this still works for Django 1.5. Thanks :)
  • The Pied Pipes
    The Pied Pipes over 9 years
    thanks. this was all i needed in the end for my issue.
  • Pankaj Anand
    Pankaj Anand over 8 years
    I was getting 404 but after adding the url pattern, works fine in apache for Django 1.6.5....
  • Torsten Engelbrecht
    Torsten Engelbrecht over 8 years
    @PankajAnand Its still advised to serve static files via apache directly, rather than through Django. At least once you have production traffic running against your instance it will benefit the performance.
  • Pankaj Anand
    Pankaj Anand over 8 years
    @TorstenEngelbrecht Yes I agree, actually apache level sounds better for performance..
  • Blairg23
    Blairg23 almost 6 years
    Just to add in this answer from a duplicate question: stackoverflow.com/a/5836728/1224827