# Generate random sentences in python

29,543

## Solution 1

The easiest way for your understanding:

``````import random

nouns = ("puppy", "car", "rabbit", "girl", "monkey")
verbs = ("runs", "hits", "jumps", "drives", "barfs")
adv = ("crazily.", "dutifully.", "foolishly.", "merrily.", "occasionally.")
num = random.randrange(0,5)
print nouns[num] + ' ' + verbs[num] + ' ' + adv[num] + ' ' + adj[num]
``````

## Solution 2

You can use `random.choice` within a list comprehension then concatenate the selected list with `join`:

``````>>> l=[nouns,verbs,adj,adv]
>>> ' '.join([random.choice(i) for i in l])
'girl runs dirty crazily.'
>>> ' '.join([random.choice(i) for i in l])
'monkey hits clueless occasionally.'
``````

## Solution 3

For a similar function to the accepted answer that returns all possible permutations:

``````import random

def make_random_sentence():
nouns = ["puppy", "car", "rabbit", "girl", "monkey"]
verbs = ["runs", "hits", "jumps", "drives", "barfs"]
adv = ["crazily.", "dutifully.", "foolishly.", "merrily.", "occasionally."]

random_entry = lambda x: x[random.randrange(len(x))]
``````

## Solution 4

I would do as follows, using random.choice because it's a better choice than random.randrange...

``````words = (adj, nouns, verb, adv)
sentence = "".join(choice(word) for word in words)
``````

## Solution 5

` random.choice` is to select a random thing from a list, tuple or similar container. What the last line does is to select one random thing from each list, and make a new list from the choices. Then that list is printed. And being in a loop, this is done X number of times, whatever number the user inputs.

``````from random import choice

nouns = ("puppy", "car", "rabbit", "girl", "monkey")
verbs = ("runs", "hits", "jumps", "drives", "barfs")
adv = ("crazily.", "dutifully.", "foolishly.", "merrily.", "occasionally.")

# asking user as to how many sentences he would like to generate
for _ in range (int (input ("Enter integer value :"))):
``````
``````Enter integer value :2
['car', 'barfs', 'dutifully.', 'odd']
['rabbit', 'runs', 'occasionally.', 'clueless']

[Program finished]
``````
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Author by

### Ashley Glover

Updated on May 04, 2022

• Ashley Glover 8 months

I'm very new to python and programming!

I need to write a program that has 4 tuples with 5 elements each. One tuple should have verbs, one tuple should have nouns, one tuple should have adjectives, and one tuple should have adverbs. Then I have to use a randomly generated numbers between 0 and 4 to pick one of the elements from each tuple. This is what I have so far:

``````import random

nouns = ("puppy", "car", "rabbit", "girl", "monkey")
verbs = ("runs", "hits", "jumps", "drives", "barfs")
adv = ("crazily.", "dutifully.", "foolishly.", "merrily.", "occasionally.")
num = random.randrange(0,5)
print (num)
``````

Can someone show me what I'm doing wrong?

• ρss over 7 years
You can use that random number to select the corresponding element from each of the tuples. eg: `print nouns[num]` docs.python.org/2/tutorial/…
• abarnert over 7 years
A better solution would be to use `random.choice(nouns)`… but if your assignment requires you to use `random.randrange`, then you hav eto do it the way @ρss suggests.
• ρss over 7 years
I agree with @abarnert
• Eric Duminil over 3 years
Note that with this method, there are only 5 possible sentences, instead of the 625 possible sentences if you pick a random number for each word.
• Sylvester Kruin about 1 year
Note that with this method, there are only 5 possible sentences, instead of the 625 possible sentences if you pick a random number for each word (same problem with this other answer.