Python: Check existence of shell command before execution

11,577

Solution 1

You can use the subprocess module under Python 3 or the commands module for Python 2 as follow :

status, result = subprocess.getstatusoutput("ls -al")

status, result = commands.getstatusoutput("ls -al")

Then test the value of status.

Examples from the website :

>>> import subprocess
>>> subprocess.getstatusoutput('ls /bin/ls')
(0, '/bin/ls')
>>> subprocess.getstatusoutput('cat /bin/junk')
(256, 'cat: /bin/junk: No such file or directory')
>>> subprocess.getstatusoutput('/bin/junk')
(256, 'sh: /bin/junk: not found')

Solution 2

couldn't you use the "which" command somehow? the which command automatically performs a lookup for an application in the paths. I think you would merely need to call this command and pass the name of the command you want to look up, then parse the results.

Solution 3

For situations like this, I use:

def find_program(prog_filename, error_on_missing=False):
    bdirs = ['$HOME/Environment/local/bin/',
             '$HOME/bin/',
             '/share/apps/bin/',
             '/usr/local/bin/',
             '/usr/bin/']
    paths_tried = []
    for d in bdirs:
        p = os.path.expandvars(os.path.join(d, prog_filename))
        paths_tried.append(p)
        if os.path.exists(p):
            return p
    if error_on_missing:
        raise Exception("*** ERROR: '%s' not found on:\n  %s\n" % (prog_filename, "\n  ".join(paths_tried)))
    else:
        return None

Then you can do something like:

grep_path = find_program('ack_grep', False)
if grep_path is None:
    # default to standard system grep
    grep_path = 'grep'
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Gabriel L. Oliveira
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Gabriel L. Oliveira

Updated on September 17, 2022

Comments

  • Gabriel L. Oliveira
    Gabriel L. Oliveira 4 months

    I'm trying to find a way to check the existence of a shell command before its execution.

    For example, I'll execute the command ack-grep. So, I'm trying to do:

    import subprocess
    from subprocess import PIPE

    cmd_grep = subprocess.Popen(["ack-grep", "--no-color", "--max-count=1", "--no-group", "def run_main", "../cgedit/"], stdout=PIPE, stderr=PIPE)

    Than, if I execute

    cmd_grep.stderr.read()

    I receive '' like the output. But I don't have the command ack-grep on my path. So, why Popen is not putting the error message on my .stderr variable?

    Also, is there a easyer way to do what I'm trying to do?

    • trolle3000
      trolle3000 over 12 years
      You should probably ask this on stackoverflow
  • Scott - Слава Україні
    Scott - Слава Україні over 4 years
    This would be a better answer if you (1) used a more plausible (useful) example of commands, like the OP’s example of ack-grep versus grep, and (2) showed the code for using the command you want to use versus using the fallback.