RabbitMQ Topic exchanges: 1 Exchange vs Many Exchanges

Solution 1

I simply copy some key fragments for you.

  • If you have a finite domain of routing keys in an application’s graph then many fanout exchanges might be the right fit (1:1 mapping of exchange per routing key)

  • If you have a potentially infinite number of routing keys, consider topic exchanges

  • For topic routing, performance decreases as the number of bindings increase

  • Fanout exchanges are very fast because they have no routing to process yet if bound to a large number of queues that changes

  • Direct exchanges are a faster form of topic exchanges, provided you do not need the wild card

  • Troubleshooting problems across 100,000+ queues could be tedious versus a topology with more bindings, fewer exchanges and queues

  • A very high number of exchanges and queues take up more memory which may be significant but this really depends

As of RabbitMQ 2.4.0, released March 23, 2011, a new topic routing algorithm optimization is available that is 60 times faster at peak than the previous topic algorithm. Due to this, one recommendation is to go for less exchanges and queues, and more routing because the time increase is now minimal

Solution 2

Take a look at "Routing Topologies for Performance and Scalability with RabbitMQ" http://blog.springsource.org/2011/04/01/routing-topologies-for-performance-and-scalability-with-rabbitmq/

Author by


Updated on June 13, 2022


  • Admin
    Admin about 2 months