Virtual Attribute in Rails 4

11,703

Instead of using attr_accessor you could create custom getter/setters on your product model. Note that these are not backed by an regular instance attribute.

Also you can add a validation on the supply association instead of your virtual attribute.

class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :supply ,dependent: :destroy
  validates_associated :supply, presence:true

  # getter method
  def quantita
    supply
  end

  def quantita=(val)
    if supply
      supply.update_attributes(value: val)
    else
      supply = Supply.create(value: val)
    end
  end
end

In Ruby assignment is actually done by message passing:

product.quantita = 1

Will call product#quantita=, with 1 as the argument.

Another alternative is to use nested attributes for the supply.

class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :supply ,dependent: :destroy
  validates_associated :supply, presence:true
  accepts_nested_attributes_for :supply
end

This means that Product accepts supply_attributes - a hash of attributes.

class ProductsController < ApplicationController

  #...
  before_action :set_product, only: [:show, :edit, :update, :destroy]

  def create
    # will create both a Product and Supply
    @product = Product.create(product_params)
  end

  def update
    # will update both Product and Supply
    @product.update(product_params)
  end

  private

  def product_params
    # Remember to whitelist the nested parameters!
    params.require(:product)
          .allow(:foo, supply_attributes: [:foo, :bar])
  end
  # ...
end
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11,703
Vito
Author by

Vito

Lone Gunman

Updated on June 27, 2022

Comments

  • Vito
    Vito 7 months

    I have a model of product and I need to write in the _form view , the number of the product that an admin wants to insert. I have another table with the Supply (number of product) so in my product table I don't have the attribute quantity , but I have just the supply_id (that links my two tables of product and supply)

    Since I don't have the quantity in my product table, I used a virtual attribute on Product.

    I had to change the view of the new and edit product cause in the new I want the field quantity but in the edit I don't want (cause I use another view to do this) So, I deleted the partial _form and created separate view. Also, I had to set in the controller of products that if I want to update a product, i have to call a set_quantity callback, cause I have to insert a "fake" value to fill the params[:product][:quantity]. This , because I setted the validation presence true ,on the quantity virtual field in the product model. I want to know , if all this story is right (it works , but I want a suggestion about the programming design of this story. Cause I don't like the fact that I give a fake value to fill the quantity field when I have to update a product)

    Controller:

    class ProductsController < ApplicationController
        include SavePicture 
        before_action :set_product, only: [:show, :edit, :update, :destroy]
        before_action :set_quantita, only: [:update]
        ....
    
        def set_quantita
           params[:product][:quantita]=2  #fake value for the update action
        end
        ....
    end
    

    Model:

    class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
        belongs_to :supply ,dependent: :destroy
        attr_accessor :quantita
        validates :quantita, presence:true
    end
    

    Can you say me if there is a better way to fill the param[:product][:quantity] in the case of the update action? Cause i don't like the fact that i give it the value of 2. Thank you.

  • max
    max over 7 years
    The first alternative gives you maximum flexibility in creating the associated Suppy. The second is more of the "Rails Way" of solving the problem. I would go with nested attributes unless there is some really weird requirement that prevents you from doing so.
  • Vito
    Vito over 7 years
    i ll try to understand your answer when i ll be a little free. Thank you :)