File I/O operations - scheme


Solution 1

It's mostly implementation-specific. Given that you're using racket, see the guide section and the reference manual.

Solution 2

The easiest way to read/write files in any R5RS compliant Scheme is:

;; Read a text file
(call-with-input-file "a.txt"
  (lambda (input-port)
    (let loop ((x (read-char input-port)))
      (if (not (eof-object? x))
            (display x)
            (loop (read-char input-port)))))))

;; Write to a text file
(call-with-output-file "b.txt"
  (lambda (output-port)
    (display "hello, world" output-port))) ;; or (write "hello, world" output-port)

Scheme has this notion of ports that represent devices on which I/O operations could be performed. Most implementations of Scheme associate call-with-input-file and call-with-output-file with literal disk files and you can safely use them.

Solution 3

Please see the following post if you are working with a R5RS compliant Scheme:

R5RS Scheme input-output: How to write/append text to an output file?

The solution presented there is as follows:

; This call opens a file in the append mode (it will create a file if it doesn't exist)
(define my-file (open-file "my-file-name.txt" "a"))

; You save text to a variable
(define my-text-var1 "This is some text I want in a file")
(define my-text-var2 "This is some more text I want in a file")

; You can output these variables or just text to the file above specified
; You use string-append to tie that text and a new line character together.
(display (string-append my-text-var1 "\r\n" my-file))
(display (string-append my-text-var2 "\r\n" my-file))
(display (string-append "This is some other text I want in the file" "\r\n" my-file))

; Be sure to close the file, or your file will not be updated.
(close-output-port my-file)
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Updated on June 04, 2022


  • JJunior
    JJunior 6 months

    Can someone point me to basic file I/O operations examples in Scheme?

    I just want to try basic read/write/update operations on a file.

    Finding it difficult as not having appropriate resources to learn from.