Python 2.7: Compressing data with the XZ format using the "lzma" module
I would not be concerned about the differences in the compressed files - depending on the container format and the checksum type used in the
.xz file, the compressed data could vary without affecting the contents.
EDIT I've been looking into this further, and wrote this script to test the PyLZMA Python2.x module and the lzma Python3.x built in module
from __future__ import print_function try: import lzma as xz except ImportError: import pylzma as xz import os # compress with xz command line util os.system('xz -zkf test.txt') # now compress with lib with open('test.txt', 'rb') as f, open('test.txt.xzpy', 'wb') as out: out.write(xz.compress(bytes(f.read()))) # compare the two files from hashlib import md5 with open('test.txt.xz', 'rb') as f1, open('test.txt.xzpy', 'rb') as f2: hash1 = md5(f1.read()).hexdigest() hash2 = md5(f2.read()).hexdigest() print(hash1, hash2) assert hash1 == hash2
This compresses a file
test.txt with the
xz command line utility and with the Python module and compares the results. Under Python3 lzma produces the same result as
xz, however under Python2 PyLZMA produces a different result that cannot be extracted using the xz command line util.
What module are you using that is called "lzma" in Python2 and what command did you use to compress the data?
EDIT 2 Okay, I found the pyliblzma module for Python2. However it seems to use CRC32 as the default checksum algorithm (others use CRC64) and there is a bug that prevents changing the checksum algorithm https://bugs.launchpad.net/pyliblzma/+bug/1243344
You could possibly try compressing using
xz -C crc32 to compare the results, but I'm still not having success making a valid compressed file using the Python2 libraries.
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ki2ne 6 months
I'm experimenting with the lzma module in Python 2.7.6 to see if I could create compressed files using the XZ format for a future project that will make use of it. My code used during the experiment was:
import lzma as xz in_file = open('/home/ki2ne/Desktop/song.wav', 'rb') input_data = in_file.read() compressed_data = xz.compress(input_data) out_file = open('/home/ki2ne/Desktop/song.wav.xz', 'wb') in_file.close() out_file.close()
and I noticed there were two different checksums (MD5 and SHA256) from the resulting file compared to when I used the plain xz (although I could decompress fine with either method - the checksums of the decompressed versions of both files were the same). Would this be a problem?
UPDATE: I found a fix for it by installing the backport (from Python 3.3) via peterjc's Git repository (link here), and now it's showing identical checksums. Not sure if it helps, but I made sure the LZMA Python module in my repository wasn't installed to avoid possible name conflicts.
Here's my test code to confirm this:
# I have created two identical text files with some random phrases from subprocess import call from hashlib import sha256 from backports import lzma as xz f2 = open("test2.txt" , 'rb') f2_buf = buffer(f2.read()) call(["xz", "test1.txt"]) f2_xzbuf = buffer(xz.compress(f2_buf)) f1 = open("test1.txt.xz", 'rb') f1_xzbuf = buffer(f1.read()) f1.close(); f2.close() f1sum = sha256(); f2sum = sha256() f1sum.update(f1_xzbuf); f2sum.update(f2_xzbuf) if f1sum.hexdigest() == f2sum.hexdigest(): print "Checksums OK" else: print "Checksum Error"
I've also verified it using the regular sha256sum as well (when I wrote the data to file).
ki2ne over 8 yearsThanks for clarifying. I was about to wonder that if I made .tar.xz archives with Python and distributed them, someone might point it out and might worry that it could be tampered with.
ki2ne over 8 yearsI'm using the
python-lzmapackage from my distro for the module that I'm using in the script. I've tested compressing the data using the script from my example and by using the
xz-utilspackage (using a terminal session from outside the script). I've checksummed files from both methods using